Fresh and ripe coffee berries in a coffee plantation on Bolaven Plateau, Pakse, Laos. Close. Selective focus.

Coffee is one of the World’s leading beverages. There are two varieties of coffee; Arabica and Robusta. In Uganda, Arabica coffee is mainly grown in the Eastern and Western parts of the country. The Rwenzori region where Nyamughasana cooperative is located, is presumably one of the largest coffee producers in the country.

 Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, the seeds of berries from certain coffee species. Once ripe, coffee berries are picked, processed, and dried. To get a better quality, picked and dried coffee should never be direct on bare ground. A raised drying rake for drying coffee gives excellent quality. Such coffee is refered to as “Speciality coffee”. Dried coffee seeds are roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor. Roasted beans are ground and then brewed with near boiling water to produce the beverage known as coffee. Coffee is mainly grown as a beverage and it is a very important source of income., the plant residues can provide fuel (coffee charcoal).

Our coffee is mainly supported by the ideal temperature range which lies between 18 to 24 0c and it is grown at a height of  1400m to 2000 m (4,500-6.800 ft) with a rainfall of not less than 1000 mm per year as is common with the Rwenzori mountains and forests.


The cooperative trains farmers on how to attain good quality and large quantity produces. The training mostly covers the climate conditions (Temperature, Rainfall etc), soil (Fertilizer application, land preparation, planting, prunning and harvesting) and water management(digging of trenches, contour burns) suitable for their target goals. Our coffee is supported by the rich soils and selected agro-forestry trees with  reliable rainfall of the Rwenzori Mountains.

More so, the cooperative recently introduced to its memebers Mukuna bean and Millitia tree plants that improves soil fertility by fixing nitrogen in the soil, reduces soil erosion by acting as soil cover, increases coffee production and serves as animal feeds. 

Millitia that fixes Nitrogen, Covers soil, source of income and eaten by animals.
MUKUNA BEAN that fixes Nitrogen, Covers soil and eaten by animals

The cooperative also lobby, advocate and network with marketing agencies for better prices. Offering premiums to farmers, offering market linkage to members and supporting the involvement of the youth and women in Agriculture. 

Our training model is on-farm training, a system known as farm field learning Groups (FFLG).